Pemberdayaan Dan Edukasi Terhadap Orang Tua Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus Penyandang Autisme Di Wilayah Kabupaten Garut

Analisis Situasional Dan Solusi

  • Tania Intan Universitas Padjadjaran

Abstract

The activities of the PMM are a form of Community Service at Padjadjaran University. For 2019, the proposing team has designed an activity themed Empowerment and Education for Parents of Children with Special Needs for People with Autism in Garut Regency Area by involving two related communities. First, APPAI (Association of Indonesian Autism Practitioners and Observers), a combination of various elements of the community who have concern and desire to contribute to the protection and handling of children with special needs for autism in Indonesia. The second, Portadin (Parents Association of Indonesian Disabled Children) Garut DPD is a community that accommodates ABK parents with autism in Garut. From the results of preliminary observations and the interaction of the team with the community of parents of children with special needs, it was found that there were problems in the form of knowledge and motivation constraints of parents in facing the special conditions of their children. Through PKM activities, data collection, counseling and dialogue with the target audience above are conducted, guided by experts, as a form of empowerment and education. This activity is problem solving, comprehensive, meaningful, complete, and sustainable. The phenomenological qualitative method was chosen because it is a thinking view that emphasizes the focus on subjective experiences (data revealed based on the subject's point of view) of humans and world interpretations. The steps of the activity include: preparation, implementation, and evaluation stages.

References

[1]. Cahya, Yessi. 2016. Jumlah Penyandang Autis di Indonesia. http://rumahautis.org/ artikel/jumlahpenyandang-autis-diindonesia. diakses tanggal 21 November 2018.

[2]. Acandra. 2009. Jumlah Anak Autis Meningkat. Kompas. 21/12/2009. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2009/12/21/11102245/Jumlah.Anak.Autis.Meningkat diakses tanggal 18 November 2018.

[3]. Putri HRP, Herlina Jasa. Metode Pembelajaran Dan Pengembangan Kemampuan Verbal Bagi Anak Autis. https://media.neliti.com/ media/publications/77455-ID-metode-pembelajaran-dan-pengembangan-kem.pdf, diakses tanggal 19 November 2018.

[4]. Mutia, Fitria. 2006. Kemampuan Anak Autis Menyerap Informasi Melalui Proses Belajar Di Sekolah Inklusi. http://journal.unair.ac.id/ downloadfullpaperspalim4f33d9ae81full.pdf diakses tanggal 21 November 2018.

[5]. Sabri, Rika dkk. 2006. Pengaruh Terapi Autis Terhadap Kemajuan Anak Autis Di Sekolah Khusus Autisme Di Kota Padang https://rikasabri.files.wordpress. com/2008/01/artikel-penelitian.pdf diakses tanggal 22 November 2018.

[6]. Rokhimah, Rina & Ira Darmayanti. 2013. Pengaruh Permainan Lasy Terhadap Peningkatan Konsentrasi Pada Anak Autis. Jurnal Psikologi Teori & Terapan. 4(1): 48–55. URL : https://journal.unesa.ac.id/ index.php/jptt/article/ download/.../1237 diakses tanggal 22 November 2018.

[7]. [7] Manggala P. Putra. 2018. Tenaga Ahli Autisme di Indonesia masih Terbatas. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/daerah/18/04/02/ p6jzow284-tenaga-ahli-autisme-di-indonesia-masih-terbatas diakses tanggal 20 November 2018.

[8]. Prasetyo, Nino. Autisme. http://www.academia.edu/5209369/AUTISME. diakses 24 November 2018.

[9]. Suryana Wahyu. 2018. Tenaga Ahli Autisme di Indonesia Masih Terbatas. Republika. 2 April 2018. https://www.republika.co.id/ berita/nasional/daerah/18/04/02/p6jzow284-tenaga-ahli-autisme-di-indonesia-masih-terbatas. diakses tanggal 15 November 2018.

[10]. Sulistyo Wardani, D. 2009. Strategi Copying Orang Tua Menghadapi Anak Autis. Jurnal Indigenous Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi. http://journals.ums.ac.id/index.php/indigenous/article/view/1628/1158 diakses tanggal 21 November 2018.

[11]. Rachmayanti, S. & Zulkaida, A. 2007. Penerimaan Diri Orang Tua terhadap Anak Autisme dan Peranannya dalam Terapi Autisme. Jurnal Elektronik Psikologi Universitas Gunadarma. http://www.ejournal.gunadarma.ac.id/ index.php/psiko/article/view/277 diakses tanggal 24 November 2018.

[12]. Puspita, D. 2004. Peran Keluarga pada Penanganan Individu Autistic Spectrum Disorder. http://putrakembara.org/rm/peran_ortu.htm diakses tanggal 13 November 2018.

[13]. Marijani, L. 2003. Terapi Autis di Rumah. Jakarta. Puspa Swara.

[14]. Safaria, T. 2005. Autisme: Pemahaman Baru untuk Hidup Bermakna bagi Orang Tua. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.

[15]. Wanei, GK & Sudarnoto, LFN. 2005. Survei Kebutuhan Guru Pembimbing Anak Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Jurnal Psiko-edukasi. 3(3): 91-111

[16]. Pro Kaltim. 2016. Kenali Ragam Terapi bagi Penyandang Autisme. http://kaltim.prokal.co/read/news/275311-kenali-ragam-terapi-bagi-penyandang-autisme diakses tanggal 12 November 2018.

[17]. Alodokter. Penyebab Autisme. www.alodokter.com/autism/penyebab. diakses tanggal 13 November 2018.

[18]. Wikipedia. Temple Grandin. https://en. wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple-Grandin diakses tanggal 14 November 2018.

[19]. [19] Info Psiko Kita. 2016. ASD, Autism Spectrum Disorder. http://infopsikokita. blogspot.com/2016/06/asd.html. diakses tanggal 12 November 2018.

[20]. Nurhaidin. 2016 Anakku Anugerah Istimewa: Mereka adalah Ahli Surga (Ed. Tania Intan). Bandung. Bitread Publishing.

[21]. Komunitas Peduli Autisme Garut. 2018. https://www.facebook.com/pages/category/Community/Komunitas-Peduli-Autisme-Garut-175016709216553/ diakses tanggal 13 November 2018.

[22]. Komunitas Peduli Autisme Garut. 2018. https://www.facebook.com/Komunitas-Peduli-Autisme-Garut-175016709216553/posts diakses tanggal 14 November 2018.
Published
2019-03-23
How to Cite
INTAN, Tania. Pemberdayaan Dan Edukasi Terhadap Orang Tua Anak Berkebutuhan Khusus Penyandang Autisme Di Wilayah Kabupaten Garut. JATI EMAS (Jurnal Aplikasi Teknik dan Pengabdian Masyarakat), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 66-73, mar. 2019. ISSN 2550-0821. Available at: <http://journal.fdi.or.id/index.php/jatiemas/article/view/174>. Date accessed: 14 nov. 2019.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.